Four Causes (349 pp., pdf)pdf
On Aristotle's four causes: matter, form and essence, classification, causation, teleology, and teleological / practical reasoning.
Instance is the Converse of Aspect (abstract)pdf
According to Donald Baxter's Aspect Theory of Instantiation, a particular instantiates a universal when an aspect of the particular is also an aspect of the universal. According to an improved version of this account, this happens when the universal itself is an aspect of the particular.
The Man Without Properties (abstract)pdf
Aristotle's essences are not properties, and certain passages in Aristotle make sense only if we do not take accidents to be properties either.
Plato's Ingredient Principle (abstract)pdf
We can accept Plato's "ingredient principle" when we replace the distinction between things and properties with a slightly different one.
The Inner Man as Substantial Formpdf
When Descartes calls the soul of a human being an immaterial substance, he does not contradict the Aristotelian doctrine according to which the soul of a person is the substantial form of her body.
Descartes uses 'conscientia' in the traditional sense, roughly meaning 'moral conscience'.
Two Epistemic Directions of Fitpdf
I use Austin's distinction of two directions of fit in order to explain how a priori knowledge is possible.